COVID-19 Information Page

Our dear academics and students;

It has been decided to continue the 2019 - 2020 Academic Year Spring Semester education process only with distance education, open education and digital education opportunities. Face-to-face lectures will not be held in the spring semester.

Programs/courses and practical courses that cannot be offered under distance education and digital teaching facilities will be completed within the calendar to be determined in the summer. Education calendar of the next year will be determined by taking the end dates of the summer school into consideration.

Exams and other related issues will be evaluated by our Rectorate in the process and the decisions taken will be announced without delay. These decisions will include our graduate students.

We ask that you focus on your lessons without any worries and follow our website and official social media accounts to be aware of the developments.

Stay healthy.

Istanbul University Rectorate

To our esteemed academicians, and dear students;

İstanbul University Learning Management System (İULMS), which was developed for the application of theoretical courses by distance education method, was opened to your service, as of this morning. While our valuable teachers continue to upload their educational content to the system, our students will also begin to use this content. The installation of training content into the system will continue throughout this week. Therefore, we ask our students to check the courses installed on their systems at certain time intervals.

You can also access the user guides and animated videos sent to you from various communication tools during the day and you can check out how the system works, from the links below;

For Academicians;

User’s Guide for Academicians

User’s Video for Academicians

For Students:

User’s Guide for Students

User’s Video for Students

İstanbul University Rectorate

Dear Researchers,

Because of the COVID-19 virus stay-at-home process where some measures are applied, Istanbul University Library and Documentation Department prepared a web page complied from the virtual libraries open for access. This study was prepared to help researches, support education and training, to convey current resources and information to academicians and students and was transferred to the digital media from some publishers all over the world by Istanbul University Library and Documentation Department.

During the COVID-19 process, some publishing houses gather the studies related to Coronavirus under a single heading, inform the access addresses so that the researchers can access the current resources without losing time, open some e-resources that do not have a subscription to support education and also send the necessary information for access to "Remote Access".

On the page containing this content, there are:

* Subscribed Databases

* Sources of Academic Information About Coronavirus,

* Sources with Open Access For COVID-19 Period

* Virtual Libraries

* Best Open Source Tools for Distance Learning and Working from Home,

* Proxy External Remote Access,

* Open Access Resources.

We are at your service with the resources we have collected in five main titles. We also remind all members that they can access the electronic resources subscribed by our Library from outside the campus and from home.

For Home Access, you can see the information about the Proxy settings by clicking on this link

Click here to access our E-resources and COVID-19 Information Resources page

We wish you a healthy day.

Best regards,

Istanbul University Central Library

Note: for your messages about E-resources you can contact us with this e -mail:


Esteemed Academicians,​ Dear Students;

İstanbul University, under the coordination of Open and Distance Education Faculty (AUZEF), completed the necessary preparations of distance education method of the theoretical parts of the courses in formal programs at all levels. In this context, a new “Learning Management System (IÜÖYS)” has been developed that can work one-to-one compatible with İstanbul University Academic Registration System (AKSIS), which our faculty and students are currently using. Turkish and English user manuals and animative videos will be prepared and delivered to user through different communication channels so that our instructors can easily perform the content upload process and our students can view, download or print the uploaded content. Additionally, Process Coordination Center has been established and task definitions have been made to ensure that all programs are running smoothly.

IÜÖYS is designed to allow both synchronous and asynchronous distance learning methods. In this context, synchronous (live broadcast) course schedules will be prepared according to the preferences of the instructors. On the other hand, asynchronous course contents (textbook, lecture notes, lecture presentation, video, video link, etc.) will also be prepared. Starting from 23.03.2020 users will begin to enter the system. İstanbul University designed the process of maintaining formal education through distance education in two terms. The first term covers the period until the 6th of April,2020 (which is currently an official holiday). Therefore, first of all, the synchronous and asynchronous training process of this period will be carried out. According to the decision to be taken for the period after the 6th of April, the process will go on accordingly.

İstanbul University will apply a compressed program in the summer term for all courses that cannot be given by distance education method and require a laboratory environment. Besides this, the University Administration will decide in the coming days how to apply the measurement and evaluation process of theoretical courses at all levels (online or face-to-face).

Due to the coronavirus outbreak, we will be meeting with our beloved students through the model of distance education for a while. During this period, our students will benefit from the accumulation of the competencies of our esteemed Faculty members within the framework of the wide opportunities offered by digital media. Moreover, the students will continue to develop their acquisition and equipment within the framework of the quality vision of our higher education system.

İstanbul University Rectorate


Dear Students,

1) In accordance with the decision taken within the scope of the fight against coronavirus, our University is on official holiday from 16th March 2020 to 6th April 2020.
During this time, some students may want to go to their countries. Students leaving Turkey will be REQUIRED to have a 14-day quarantine on their return to Turkey. We recommend that you stay in Turkey. However, you are also free to leave Turkey. On the other hand, if you leave Turkey, it may be possible for Turkey to close the doors completely in addition to the 14-day quarantine. Please consider this possibility.

2) Due to coronavirus, the procedures for submitting student residence permit documents to the International Students Center have been postponed until the last week of April. The documents will not be accepted in March.

3) We minimize face-to-face contact due to coronavirus. You can send e-mail for your questions ( or you can telephone us (0212 4400000 - 12351). If you have to come to our Center in any case, please maintain a distance of 5 meters. Do not insist on more.

4) Until a second announcement, the Students Center's face-to-face working hours will be between 11.00-15.00 on weekdays.

5) If you have recently been outside Turkey, you should spend the first 14 days in your homes. If you think you have coronavirus symptoms, you should go to the Istanbul University Medical Faculty Emergency Service or the nearest hospital’s emergency service.

Thank you for your understanding.

İU International Students Center


Within the scope of combating the globally impacting Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, all educational activities including campus visits will be suspended for 3 weeks after March 16, 2020. It is envisaged that the classes will start on April 6, 2020. Please note that these dates might be subject to reconsideration as the circumstances evolve.

During this period, Erasmus Office, Mevlana Office and Bilateral Multiliteral Relations Office will be at your disposal via e-mail: /, or phone: +90 212 440 00 00/10272, 10728, 10090

في إطار عملية مكافحة وباء فيروس كورونا (COVID-19) الذي أثر على كل العالم، تم إيقاف كل الفعاليات التعليمية و زيارات الحرم الجامعي لمدة ثلاثة أسابيع اعتبارًا من تاريخ 16 آذار 2020م، ومن المنتظر أن تبدأ الدروس في 6 نيسان 2020م، إن التواريخ المحددة من الممكن أن تُحدّث من جديد وفقًا للتطورات الراهنة.

ضمن هذه الفترة يستمر مكتب أراسموس و مولانا وتنسيقية العلاقات الثنائية والمتعددة بتقديم الخدمات عبر البريد الالكتروني (,, ) وعبر الهاتف

(+90 212 440 00 00/10728, 10272, 10090)

İstanbul University International Academic Relations


Dear Student,

1) In accordance with the decision taken within the scope of the fight against coronavirus, our university was vacationed between 16 March and 6 April 2020. During this time, we may have students who want to go to their country. Students leaving Turkey, 14-day quarantine on their return to Turkey will be compulsory. Our advice is that you stay in Turkey. However, it is also free to leave Turkey. On the other hand, if you leave Turkey, Turkey's doors next to the 14-day quarantine may be able to completely shut down. Please take this possibility into consideration.

2) Due to the coronavirus, the delivery of student residence permits to the Center has been postponed to the last week of April. The document will not be accepted in March.

3) We minimize face-to-face contact due to coronavirus. You can contact by e-mail ( or phone (02124400000 - 12351) for any needs. If you have to come to our center, please keep a distance of 5 meters. Do not be insistent for more.

4) Until a second announcement, the face-to-face working hours of the Center will be between 11-15.00 on weekdays.

5) If you were recently outside Turkey, you should spend your first 14 days in your home. If you think you have symptoms of coronavirus, you should go to the Istanbul University Medical Faculty emergency department or the nearest hospital emergency department.

Thank you for your understanding.

Istanbul University International Student Center


İstanbul University established a commission for the corona outbreak. The Advisory Commission chairman is Prof. Dr. Mustafa Oral Öncül, Faculty member of Faculty of Medicine and Vice Rector of Istanbul University. The commission also includes the directors of the relevant departments of the University.

The Advisory Commission held its first meeting on 16th March 2020, and evaluated the decisions taken and announced by the Presidency and CoHE. The Commission discussed the measures to be taken for the full implementation of the decisions related with the subject.

İstanbul University Advisory Committee for new coronavirus outbreak will meet periodically and, where necessary, will hold emergency meetings and take decisions without delay.


Within the scope of combating the globally impacting coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, all classes and courses will be suspended for 3 weeks after March 16, 2020. It is envisaged that the classes will start on April 6, 2020. Please note that these dates might be subject to reconsideration as the circumstances evolve.

It is highly recommended that you do not leave the country during this period in line with the directives of the Turkish Ministry of Health. Students who leave abroad for essential reasons are required to quarantine themselves for 14 days immediately after their return. The students who have not completed the quarantine period will not allow to enter the university premises. Thank you for your understanding and support.

During this period, Erasmus Office will be at your disposal via e-mail: or phone: +90 212 440 00 00/10272

Note: We would like to remind you that you can reach us on every issue without hesitation and we will contact you in case of any changes or updates. Please check all our announcement channels (İU Erasmus Office Website and İU Erasmus Office Twitter Account) regularly.


As we all know, the declaration of official holiday for the universities was given due to the new coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak and at the same time, stay-at-home measures were implemented. Within this context, the scientific publications and projects that are made available by İstanbul University in digital media contribute to the education process efficiently. New coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak has required many public and social life restrictions. Meanwhile, İstanbul University is fulfilling its social obligation with digital media publications.

Scientific Sources from Our Publishing House

In accordance with international publishing standards and ethical principles; İstanbul University Publishing House offers open access to high quality scientific journals and books, in Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences. Our University offers thousands of scientific works in these fields to the researchers.

More than 9,000 sources, especially the journals such as Darülfünûn Faculty of Medicine Journal, Darülfünûn Faculty of Letters Journal, Darülfünûn Faculty of Science Journal, which started to be published in 1916 and have continued with different names in the present period and they are very important primary sources. They are the basic resource in many subjects from the disciplines of science, medicine, social science and humanities. İstanbul University; having carried out scientific production in various fields such as medicine, mathematics, astronomy, cartography, geography, history, philosophy, religion, literature, language, law for centuries, now offers these resources to the benefit of society with its open access feature in digital environment.

Cultural and Art Projects of Our Virtual Library

The virtual libraries of İstanbul University are another digital medium that can be used in this period where stay-at-home measures are implemented. In the virtual library, which was transferred to digital media by İstanbul University Library and Documentation Department; it is possible to reach many projects from your home such as: “Reading with Atatürk”, “II. Abdülhamid Han Photo Albums Collection”, “The World Ruler”, “A New Look at the Old World” and “Looking at the History Through the Newspapers”.

On the other hand, the collection of books that Mustafa Kemal Atatürk borrowed from İstanbul University Central Library can be accessed through the virtual libraries of İstanbul University. Sultan II. Abdülhamid Khan's Yıldız Photography Collection, which consists of 36,585 frames of photographs in 918 albums, is one of the richest visual archives in the world, and it can be examined virtually.

Kanuni Sultan Suleiman's works and 3 important manuscripts of his period (Divan-ı Muhibbi, Ilan-ı Menazil-i Sefer-i Irakeyn, Kitab-ı Bahriye) can be accessed via virtual gallery in digital media.

"A New Look at the Old World: Thanks to the project, which was implemented under the name of “Virtual Library of Maps and Plans of II. Abdulhamid Era”, 120 selected sample maps with a single copy and high international historical value can be accessed from 789 map collections.

The newspaper archive offers newspapers published in various languages such as, Turkish, German, Bulgarian, French, English, German and English in the period between 1928 and 1942. And, virtually 581,106 pages of images from national and local newspapers in 55 titles can be examined within the scope of the” Gazetteer to History Project".

Hundreds of Years of Musical Note Collections in Omarşiv

Another study of İstanbul University, which is also a pioneer in the field of art, is the Multimedia archive of Ottoman-Turkish music accumulation, which is a sustainable project; OMARŞİV. With OMARŞİV, which aims to bring together the musical repertoire of the Ottoman period from past to present on the basis of individual works and to create a sustainable archive containing all kinds of sources related to the works, it is possible to reach hundreds of years of note collections.

Herewith, a basic and reliable portal can be used to scan the written, visual and audio primary and secondary sources of music accumulation in the geography reached by Ottoman culture in history and to provide detailed information such as composers, lyrics, types, forms, maqam and procedural structures, sources.

With all of these works, İstanbul University presents its historical and cultural background to the benefit of the society and will continue to serve people in the digital environment with its Open Access feature.

To reach İstanbul University Press, please click here

To reach İstanbul University Library and Documentation Department, please click here

To reach İstanbul University Virtual Libraries, please click here

To reach OMARARSIV portal, please click here


​İstanbul University continues to apply theoretical courses of formal education by distance education in accordance with the decision of the Higher Education Council due to the new type coronavirus disease pandemic (COVID-19). So far, nearly 20,000 educational materials have been made available to our students in eight different content types (textbooks, lecture notes, lecture presentations, lecture videos, textbook links, lecture note links, lecture presentation links, lecture video links) in the learning management system configured within the University.

The presentation of this intensive educational material to our students in a short period of time revealed the educational capacity and accumulation of knowledge of our University. Course materials will be developed continuously. Prof. Dr. Levent Sahin said that the educational materials to be offered to our students will be developed and diversified.

Educational Content Exceeding 22,000

The content of educational materials uploaded to the Learning Management System of the University are as follows:

Textbooks: 1,764
Lecture Notes: 13,850
Course Presentations: 5,872
Lesson Videos: 120
Textbook Links: 528
Lecture Note Links: 890
Course Presentation Links: 276
Lesson Video Links: 1,228
Total number: 22,031

It was stated that the total number of educational contents uploaded to the learning management system (22,031) will be increased in the coming days.


İstanbul University, under the coordination of Open and Distance Education Faculty (AUZEF), completed the necessary preparations of distance education method of the theoretical parts of the courses in formal programs at all levels. In this context, a new “Learning Management System (IÜÖYS)” has been developed that can work one-to-one compatible with İstanbul University Academic Registration System (AKSIS), which our Faculty and students are currently using.

The information meeting detailing the general features of this system and how the process will work was held on 19.03.2020. The meeting was chaired by the Vice-Rector and the Dean of AUZEF, Prof. Dr. Levent Şahin. The deans of our faculties and the principals of our institutes, vocational schools and high schools attended the meeting.

Academic and technical personnel who will be responsible for the units were also determined at the meeting. On the other hand, the types of educational content that will be prepared within the framework of theoretical courses were also discussed.

İstanbul University has been carrying out all infrastructure preparations for the presentation of formal education by distance education method with great sensitivity and has been taking care to avoid any disruption by doing the necessary studies.


​After the coronavirus basic information training for all the University staff, İstanbul University continues its coronavirus precaution studies with a new informational meeting. The department heads and secretaries of Faculty, Institute, School and Vocational schools attended the COVID-19 meeting. The meeting was held at 09: 00 in the morning on 12.03.2020 in the Senate Hall of the University Rectorate Building.

The coronavirus precaution meeting was held in order to inform the Faculty and evaluate the maximum measures that must be taken. All the related information was shared in the official accounts of İstanbul University. It was pointed out that personal hygiene is the most important measure in the fight against the virus. Because the government increased the measures, the University staff who went abroad were contacted with and were asked to rest for 15 days at home after their return. The University stopped its assignments abroad as a precaution and cancelled the events such as conferences and seminars.

Considering the findings related to the virus; unit managers were warned to pay attention to the ventilation of the offices, the general office cleaning and the presence of disinfectants at the office entrances. It was underlined that there was not a situation to cause panic and that the measures were followed seriously.

In this respect, the buildings were checked and consequently, one and a half tons of disinfectant, ten tons of liquid hand soap, five hundred boxes of toilet paper were ordered. It was also announced that disinfectants would be distributed to one hundred and fifty places for students and staff. In this context it was announced that; each of the department heads and secretaries of the faculties, institutes, colleges and vocational schools participating in the meeting are under the responsibility of their field and are authorized. In case they encounter a problem, it was informed that they should contact the General Secretary of İstanbul University.

In the second part of the meeting, participants gave information about the problems they faced. In particular, the students of our University who are currently abroad will be contacted. On the other hand, if students cannot return to Turkey or if they quarantine themselves, the necessary facilities will be provided for them and the necessary controls will be done for them without coming to the campus. The University is also in contact with the students who are abroad.

The meeting ended after the participants asked some questions related with the subject.


Prof. Dr. Mustafa Oral Öncül made explanations about the precautions to be taken for the coronavirus outbreak. He also talked about the conscious actions to do in the emerging panic environment.

The coronavirus outbreak, which spread to many countries in the world in recent days, caused quarantines and other serious developments such as countries closing their border crossings. International concern about coronavirus in the media about the epidemic also caused a panic environment. Istanbul University Vice-Rector, Prof. Dr. Mustafa Oral Öncül, at Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, made explanations about the measures to be taken to protect people from coronavirus outbreak. He also talked about the precautions to be taken in the fight against coronavirus and pointed out what a conscious movement is.

According to the latest data, the coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China, spread to 42 countries around the world. Coronavirus, which affected about 83,000 people since its emergence and caused 2,900 people to lose their lives in the world, brought about a social anxiety in our country after spreading to the neighboring countries of Turkey. Prof. Dr. Mustafa Oral Öncül stated that coronavirus is in fact, the name of a common virus known as cold and mild symptoms of the upper respiratory system. Prof. Dr. Öncül stated that the new coronavirus, called” Covid-19", is different from other known coronaviruses. ‘’Because of some mutations, the effects of new coronavirus are now different’’. Prof. Dr. Öncül emphasized that this virus differs from other viruses in that it can cause deaths and it can spread rapidly, especially in patients with weak immune systems and patients with respiratory problems.

The Disease Might Be Overcome with Mild Symptoms in 4 Patient Out of 5 Patients

The new coronavirus can lead to deaths due to serious lung infections in more sensitive patients with a high risk of infection. Prof. Dr. Öncül said, “We see the signs of fever at 85 percent or 90 percent of the patients affected by the new coronavirus”. This disease might be overcome with very mild symptoms in 4 out of 5 patients in other patient groups. We encounter important findings, such as respiratory failure and cough in terms of diagnosis. This disease usually holds on the lower respiratory tract. On the other hand, the more severe disease at patients with high risk may require admission to intensive care for reasons arising from respiratory failure. However, we have to say that the virus has a low killing rate now. At the beginning, it was around 2.4-2.5 percent, but according to the latest information, this rate is 4.3 percent. It is also possible that this rate is low considering that the disease only affects patients with high risk potential.’’

Prof. Dr Öncül added that, there is no cure for the new coronavirus now, but some studies for the treatment of the disease continue. Prof. Dr. Öncül said that China and Japan tried two different products for the disease. With these studies, some positive responses were recorded from the agents used in the latest Ebola virus. Prof. Öncül said “Treatment studies are ongoing, but unfortunately we do not have an approved, licensed drug yet”.

“We Must Wash Our Hands For At Least 20 Seconds” Each Time

Prof. Dr. Öncül said that in order to protect against new coronavirus, taking individual measures and social sensitivity are both important. Dr. Öncül stated that, the most important act in virus protection is to prevent the entry of the virus to the body and if the entry can’t be blocked, we should resort to the methods that will prevent its hold in the respiratory tract. He said: “In this sense, it is of great importance to take measures in terms of personal hygiene. We need to take high protection measures in areas where the virus can be transmitted and spread. The virus can spread to the environment and remain there after sneezing and coughing. Although the virus that does not last very long and can lose its viability within hours, it is possible to carry these viruses into our own respiratory tract with our hands. That's why hand cleaning is very important. We must wash our hands with soap under water for at least 20 seconds each time, covering all areas such as fingertips and palms. Another important point is to make mouth and nose gargle. Because the washing of the nasopharyngeal part can be quite effective for the elimination of these viruses.”

“Not Everyone Needs to Wear Masks for Prevention”

Prof. Dr. Öncül also informed us about the use of masks, which is another issue that is ambiguous for the society. Prof. Dr. Öncül said” If you are sensitive, your immune system is suppressed, or if you are a lung patient, the mask should definitely be used”. Prof. Öncül stated that surgical masks are enough in this respect because the virus is a droplet-transmitted virus. In the case of an encounter with such a patient, the mask should be used to prevent the transmission of the virus through droplets. Dr. Öncül underlined that there is no need for everyone in the society to wear masks.

Prof. Dr. Öncül added,’’ The new coronavirus, bird flu, SARS, MERS-CoV viruses seen in the past, and the swine flu that still continue to affect today, all emergencies in China, and there are some theories which might explain this issue. There are views that animals carrying viruses are more likely to be settled in those regions or eating habits in this region are causing this. "Prof. Dr. Öncül added that there is no scientific study that explains this situation clearly yet.

"There Must Be No Panic”

As the number of countries where the virus is seen increases, Prof. Dr. Öncül stated that there was no need to create such an atmosphere of panic: “The impression of a worrying environment was created in the community during the outbreak. When we watch TV, we see images showing a young person walking on the pavement and falling there. Obviously, we don't experience sudden deaths from such a viral disease. These are in fact, the methods used to raise the awareness of the community on this issue. What needs to be done here is to take rational measures using the scientific methodologies. According to the latest data, the coronavirus, which has spread to 42 countries, has spread as far as Brazil, has located in the Southern Hemisphere below the Equator. This suggests that the virus may have caused the pandemic. The new coronavirus is similar in structure past SARS and MERS-CoV viruses. In fact, this virus, seen in animals, can spread between humans by undergoing metamorphosis. Although it is possible to consider this as an alarming situation, we can easily overcome it by using logical and scientific methods.”

The Ministry of Health Took the Necessary Measures

"One of the developments after the coronavirus outbreak is that countries closed their border crossings to prevent the spread of the virus. People suspect that the virus may also be present in Turkey, following cases of coronavirus outbreaks in countries such as Italy, Greece and Iran. At this point, people are taking protective measures and the social awareness is also increased. Besides this, the Ministry of Health has also taken the necessary measures. For instance, they control the transportation process that can lead to the transfer of patients from risky countries. Prof. Dr Öncül said, “At airports, fever measurements are made with thermal cameras and symptomatic patients are taken under control. In eastern Iran, such an epidemic has advanced. In relation to this, the entrances and exits were blocked and controlled, and two field hospitals were created there. We see that isolation of suspicious patients is extremely important for early control. Such isolation of 14 days is very significant in terms of early detection and protection of this disease. A scientific board was also established by doctors and the experts of the subject. All kinds of informative forms about the disease were created. A detailed study was done on the definition of the disease, about ways to recognize the disease and apply personal and social methods of prevention. These are extremely successful steps for the prevention of the disease.

“We Must Produce Our Own Vaccine”

‘’Mutations in coronavirus and other virus species thereafter will continue’’. Prof. Dr. Öncül emphasized that Turkey should produce its own vaccine.” Just as we are making our national defense industry strong, we are armed, we need to be armed against these viral agents, too. So; we need to produce our own vaccine. " Prof. Dr. Öncül pointed out that Turkey can take early measures against any threat that may develop when Turkey produces its own vaccine and added that investments should be made in this regard technologically.

“We Will Eventually Encounter Coronavirus”

Prof. Dr. Öncül stated that panic and chaos atmosphere should not be created. He concluded his speech as follows: "As Turkey, we will eventually encounter this virus. We should accept that. Even if the controls are maintained, the virus has a period of 4-5 days, which we call the incubation period. During this time, patients who have not been ill yet will enter the country without getting noticed. This means that we will encounter these patients one way or another. Still, the fact that we're facing a situation like this shouldn't create chaos. In such cases, the patients, hospitals, and the treatment issues will all be determined by the experts. The Ministry of Health is aware of this. We have all kinds of medical supplies that can handle this process. So, we've done our homework. Since the infrastructure of all kinds of requirements is prepared, I think we will carry out a successful fight on this issue. And I believe that after a while, this virus will disappear.”


The coronavirus disease, which emerged in Wuhan, China and spread to many countries and caused deaths, is one of the top issues on the global agenda. The virus affected 11,860 people in total and killed 259 people. Therefore, the curiosity about the virus is increasing day by day. Head of the department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology in the Istanbul University Istanbul Medical Faculty Prof. Dr. Haluk Eraksoy gave information about the emergence, spread, symptoms and ways of protection of the new coronavirus.

The new coronavirus came on the agenda in Wuhan, China on the 31st December 2019 with the detection of pneumonia findings at 4 people who are connected with and visiting market where live animals and their products are sold. On January 7, 2020, it was understood that the virus that spread to many countries in the world and caused deaths belonged to the “coronavirus family” after examining the samples taken from patients. And this new virus was called “new coronavirus 2019”, namely 2019-nCoV.

Stating that coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause disease in humans, Prof. Dr. Haluk Eraksoy said that coronaviruses circulating among some animal species such as bats; also gained the ability to infect to people, by changing over time. He noted that coronaviruses can pose a threat if they gain the ability to spread from person to person. Prof. Dr. Eraksoy said, “Four of the coronaviruses that can cause disease in humans lead to cold or flu. Two coronaviruses which are called SARS and MERS shortly, are the cause of more severe respiratory diseases. It was understood that musk cats were the source of SARS, and camels were the source of MERS.”

Countries Where Coronavirus Is Seen

Stating that the 7th coronavirus was seen in China and 259 of 11,860 people affected by this virus were confirmed, Prof. Dr. Eraksoy said that all deaths occurred in China. And he also stated that the countries where the disease occurred and the number of patients are as follows: “1988 in China, 6 in Taiwan, 5 in Thailand, 4 in Australia, Malaysia and Singapore, 3 in France, 2 in the USA and Vietnam, 3 in Japan and South Korea,1 in Canada and Nepal. ”

“The Disease Shows itself with Fever, Cough and Shortness of Breath”

Prof. Dr. Eraksoy made statements about the symptoms of the new coronavirus-related disease and he noted that the disease manifested itself with 39 degrees of fever, cough, and shortness of breath which begins suddenly after an incubation period of 2-14 days. Underlining that in some patients there may be sore throat and runny nose, Prof. Dr. Eraksoy said, "Almost all of the seriously ill and deceased people are elderly or people with lung diseases, organ failure, cancer and diabetes." He also stated that the disease is relatively mild in young healthy adults.

“Close Contact more than 2 Meters Is Required for the Infection”

Stating that the new coronavirus is thought to be infected by respiratory secretions, Prof. Dr. Eraksoy emphasized that viruses spread to the environment through coughs, sneezes, and speech and infect healthy people and cause them to get sick, in the end. He said, “In order to the disease to be transmitted from person to person in this way, close contact of more than 2 meters is required.”

“Coronavirus Did Not Spread in Our Country”

Things to do to protect against the new coronavirus are also a matter of curiosity. Noting that coronavirus didn't spread in our country, Prof. Dr. Eraksoy said, “There is no vaccine to prevent disease, and for now, the most effective method is to avoid contact with sick people. To be protected not only from the new coronavirus but also from all other respiratory viruses, it is necessary to pay attention, especially hand cleaning."


Seven steps to prevent the spread of the virus

How to protect yourself against COVID-19?

Q&A: COVID-19 in the workplace

Q&A on COVID-19 and mental health

What can you do to fight stigma associated with COVID-19?

COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in areas with hot and humid climates

From the evidence so far, the COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in ALL AREAS, including areas with hot and humid weather. Regardless of climate, adopt protective measures if you live in, or travel to an area reporting COVID-19. The best way to protect yourself against COVID-19 is by frequently cleaning your hands. By doing this you eliminate viruses that may be on your hands and avoid infection that could occur by then touching your eyes, mouth, and nose.

Cold weather and snow CANNOT kill the new coronavirus

There is no reason to believe that cold weather can kill the new coronavirus or other diseases. The normal human body temperature remains around 36.5°C to 37°C, regardless of the external temperature or weather. The most effective way to protect yourself against the new coronavirus is by frequently cleaning your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or washing them with soap and water.

Taking a hot bath does not prevent the new coronavirus disease

Taking a hot bath will not prevent you from catching COVID-19. Your normal body temperature remains around 36.5°C to 37°C, regardless of the temperature of your bath or shower. Actually, taking a hot bath with extremely hot water can be harmful, as it can burn you. The best way to protect yourself against COVID-19 is by frequently cleaning your hands. By doing this you eliminate viruses that may be on your hands and avoid infection that could occur by then touching your eyes, mouth, and nose.

The new coronavirus CANNOT be transmitted through mosquito bites.

To date there has been no information nor evidence to suggest that the new coronavirus could be transmitted by mosquitoes. The new coronavirus is a respiratory virus which spreads primarily through droplets generated when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose. To protect yourself, clean your hands frequently with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Also, avoid close contact with anyone who is coughing and sneezing.

Are hand dryers effective in killing the new coronavirus?
No. Hand dryers are not effective in killing the 2019-nCoV. To protect yourself against the new coronavirus, you should frequently clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Once your hands are cleaned, you should dry them thoroughly by using paper towels or a warm air dryer.

Can an ultraviolet disinfection lamp kill the new coronavirus?

UV lamps should not be used to sterilize hands or other areas of skin as UV radiation can cause skin irritation.

How effective are thermal scanners in detecting people infected with the new coronavirus?

Thermal scanners are effective in detecting people who have developed a fever (i.e. have a higher than normal body temperature) because of infection with the new coronavirus. However, they cannot detect people who are infected but are not yet sick with fever. This is because it takes between 2 and 10 days before people who are infected become sick and develop a fever.

Can spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body kill the new coronavirus?

No. Spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body will not kill viruses that have already entered your body. Spraying such substances can be harmful to clothes or mucous membranes (i.e. eyes, mouth). Be aware that both alcohol and chlorine can be useful to disinfect surfaces, but they need to be used under appropriate recommendations.

Do vaccines against pneumonia protect you against the new coronavirus?

No. Vaccines against pneumonia, such as pneumococcal vaccine and Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib) vaccine, do not provide protection against the new coronavirus. The virus is so new and different that it needs its own vaccine. Researchers are trying to develop a vaccine against 2019-nCoV, and WHO is supporting their efforts. Although these vaccines are not effective against 2019-nCoV, vaccination against respiratory illnesses is highly recommended to protect your health.

Can regularly rinsing your nose with saline help prevent infection with the new coronavirus?

No. There is no evidence that regularly rinsing the nose with saline has protected people from infection with the new coronavirus. There is some limited evidence that regularly rinsing nose with saline can help people recover more quickly from the common cold. However, regularly rinsing the nose has not been shown to prevent respiratory infections.

Can eating garlic help prevent infection with the new coronavirus?

Garlic is a healthy food that may have some antimicrobial properties. However, there is no evidence from the current outbreak that eating garlic has protected people from the new coronavirus.

Does the new coronavirus affect older people, or are younger people also susceptible?

People of all ages can be infected by the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Older people, and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease) appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus. WHO advises people of all ages to take steps to protect themselves from the virus, for example by following good hand hygiene and good respiratory hygiene.

Are antibiotics effective in preventing and treating the new coronavirus?

No, antibiotics do not work against viruses, only bacteria. The new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is a virus and, therefore, antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment. However, if you are hospitalized for the 2019-nCoV, you may receive antibiotics because bacterial co-infection is possible.​​

Are there any specific medicines to prevent or treat the new coronavirus?

To date, there is no specific medicine recommended to prevent or treat the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV). However, those infected with the virus should receive appropriate care to relieve and treat symptoms, and those with severe illness should receive optimized supportive care. Some specific treatments are under investigation, and will be tested through clinical trials. WHO is helping to accelerate research and development efforts with a range or partners.

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